Countries such as England, Denmark, Spain, and Belgium have granted legal recognition to same-sex marriages. The majority of countries have signed up to all human rights treaties. Yet LGBT rights are worsening in some countries. Iran has the death penalty for homosexuality. Same-sex relationships are illegal in Libya, Algeria, Sudan, and other countries. The term “state-sponsored homophobia” was coined. And reports show that LGBT inmates are a vulnerable group. They suffer from violence, torture, discrimination, and mistreatment. In Cameroon, a man was given a prison sentence for texting another man. And some people are tortured into confessing. While same-sex adoptions are legal in countries such as Hawaii, French Polynesia, and New Caledonia, LGBT rights are under attack in other countries. And even in countries where it is legal to marry, gay people face discrimination and ill-treatment. There is room for change.
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