Supercomputers can be used to study complex phenomena and processes, from the Big Bang to climate change. They help scientists to understand earthquakes, hurricanes, and other natural disasters and create three-dimensional models of our planet. Supercomputers are also used to map the blood flow through our capillaries, arteries, and veins. Scientists develop models for diseases and epidemics to predict their scope, onset, and transmission. They recreate virus mutations to test hypotheses and the effect of certain medications. Supercomputers are also used in the military to test nuclear weapons. Computer simulations are a great way to test innovative approaches and discoveries safely and conveniently. They are used to study the effect of turbulence and strong winds on airplane safety. Modeling also helps scientists to study the properties, structure, and function of different elements, compounds, and materials.
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